A travel in Mongolia resurrects the history of one of the most legendary conquerors: Gengis Khan, which made Mongolian Empire an immense territory extending from Beijing to the Caspian Sea at the 13th century. To travel to Mongolia is to discover to the rhythm of cavalcades and of the bivouacs, beautiful and vast ground of nomad, made up of steppes and deserts, temples lamaïstes and yurts without forgetting its capital Oulan Bator, atypical mixture of local, Stalinist and Western influences architectural. An astonishing, ideal destination for the trekkings and other travel of adventures.
The immense ones extended from Mongolia resurrect the history of one of the most legendary conquerors of the history: Gengis Khan, which made Mongolian Empire an immense territory extending from Beijing to the Caspian Sea at the 13th century. This ground of nomads, is in hiding without end with the blue sky azure, shining under a large sun will fascinate you. Steppes and deserts, temples lamaïstes, housing under the yurt, punctuate this new discovery of another world. A destination “ventures” in simple housing (yurt and camp), to survey with horse for a guaranteed expatriation. They are the areas of the center, the north and the Gobi Desert in the south which concentrate the majority of the visitors, and consequently, of the tourist infrastructures. The west is more difficult access but also presents mountainous beautiful landscapes around the mountain range of Altaï. Lastly, the eastern part of the country will attract those which want to leave the beaten paths, and to leave on the traces large Gengis Khan.
There exists however another Mongolia, far from the image of country wild and isolated which prevails in the imaginary collective: it is Mongolia of Ulan-Bator, the modern capital and consumerist, where the young people dressed with Western go out of nightclub, make use of Internet and the mobile phone. Ulan-Bator is the most convincing witness of the transformation of the country since the fall of the Communist regime about twenty years ago: democracy, capitalism and modernity. The range of this transformation in the rest of the country remains nevertheless limited: Mongolia remains a poor country, with the infrastructures very little developed. This new destination accommodates tourists only since the years 1990. But this lack of infrastructures and big cities make also the charm and the authenticity of this country to big spaces, which will make it possible to the visitors to cut modern world for better communicating with nature and the local populations, the time of their stay.
Mongolia will make you live incredible experiments, but most unforgettable will be surely the discovery of the yurts. The Mongolian people were before made up of wandering warriors who lived in yurts. Seen outside, the yurts do not resemble that with a simple tent but once inside, you will be surprised by comfort. All the furniture necessary is present.
At the 13th century, the Temüdjin young person, who will become thereafter celebrates it Gengis Khan, succeeds in unifying the Mongolian tribes, creating an empire between Beijing and the Caspian Sea of which he will be the glorious sovereign. If Gengis Khan is essential while conquering pitiless, it will found in the “Great Mongolian Nation”, the freedom of worship and of trade. Go on its traces, in Tsonjin Boldog, Khökh Nuur and Dadal.
The famous Gobi Desert, is a strongly isolated area and calms. Contrary to the generally accepted ideas, this large desert is not solely composed of frozen canyon and saltworks but sand dunes, also strewn by places with isolated temples, and fossils of dinosaurs. If you want to live this experiment under the best conditions, you can traverse the Gobi Desert on the back of camel.
The horse of Przewalski (Mongolian takh) was a disappeared species. Thanks to programs of reproduction and reintroduction, small groups of individuals could be slackenings in nature, in particular in Mongolia in the National park of Khustaïn Nuruu. Recognizable with their massive physique which points out prehistoric paintings, you will be able, if you are lucky, to try to approach these animals never yet overcome by the man.
Climate of Mongolia east of the continental type extreme: the summers are rather hot and the particularly rigorous winters (until -40°C!). In spring, sudden country of enormous sandstorms, consequence of the strong winds which fall down on the plains. The best period to leave is the summer by far, between May and beginning-October.